Date : 06.01.2010

Germline stem cells in adult vertebrate ovaries of Medaka

Category : Research Topic
 National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Dept Information Physiology

Germline stem cells continually produce sperm in vertebrate testes, whereas there is no direct evidence showing that germline stem cells are present in adult vertebrate ovaries. Using transgenic methods and clonal analysis, we identified germline stem cells that supported oogenesis and the production of offspring in the ovaries of adult medaka fish. Early stage germ cells were localized in clusters along interwoven thread-like cords of sox9bexpressing somatic cells (termed germinal cradles) where the germ cells developed. Germline stem cells gave rise to germ cells that divided to produce cysts, which then underwent cell death or separated to form follicles. Our results provide insight into germline stem cell biology of medaka and provide a model system for studying vertebrate stem cell niches.